Cancer: A Dangerous Threat To Everyone
In today’s date, the number of cancer patients worldwide are increasing tremendously, making it a common disease. According to International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a World Health Organization entity, India had 1.8 million people living with cancer in 2012 and now it is around 2.5 million. During that year a million new cases were recorded while about 683,000 deaths due to cancer were registered. There are different types of cancer which are known till date are mouth cancer, oesophagus cancer, skin cancer, breast cancer, bone marrow cancer etc. Cancer is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in the body.
Most common types:-
1. Breast cancer: A cancer that forms in the cells of the breast. It is rare in India (fewer than 1 million cases).It usually starts off in the inner lining of milk ducts or lobules that supply them with milk.
2. Prostate cancer: A cancer in man prostate, a small walnut shaped gland that produces seminal fluid .It is rare in India. The symptoms are difficulty urinating, blood in urine.
3. Basal cell cancer: A type of skin cancer that begins in basal cells. It is rare in India. It resembles noncancerous skin condition such as psoriasis or eczema.
4. Melanoma: The most serious type of skin cancer. This is common in India (more than 1 million cases). It often resembles moles, some develops from moles.
5. Colon cancer: A cancer of colon or rectum located at the digestive tract’s lower end. It is rare in India. This forms when uncontrolled cell growth happens in cells of large intestine.
6. Lung cancer: A cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke. It is rare and is a malignant lung tumor. It’s symptoms are coughing, weight loss, shortness of breath etc.
7. Leukemia: A cancer of blood forming tissue hindering body’s ability to fight infection. It is rare and is a group of cancer that usually begins in bone marrow and blood.
8. Lymphoma: A cancer of lymphatic system .It is rare in India. The symptoms are enlarged lymph nodes, sweats, unintended weight loss, itching etc.
Most cancers are related to environmental, lifestyle or behavioral exposures. Common environmental factors that contribute to cancer death include tobacco, infections, radiations, lack of physical activity and environmental pollutants. Cancer is generally not contagious in human though it can be caused by oncovirus and cancer bacteria. Aging is considered as risk factor for cancer.
Prevention of Cancer:
1. Don’t use tobacco: Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer-including cancer of lung, mouth,throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney.
2. Eat a healthy diet: Although making healthy selection at grocery store can’t guarantee cancer prevention, but it can reduce the risk.
3. • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
• Avoid obesity.
• If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation.
• Limit processed meats.
4. Maintain healthy weight and be physically active.
5. Protect yourself from sun:- It helps in avoiding skin cancer.
• Avoiding midday sun.
• Stay in shade.
• Cover exposed areas.
• Don’t skimp on sunscreen.
• Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps.
6. Get immunized.
7. Avoid risky behavior.
• Practice safe sex.
• Don’t share needles.
8. Get regular medical care.