Types of drugs, and their effects.
• Marijuana (street names: Blunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joint, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, green, sinsemilla, skunk, weed etc)
• Hashish (street names: Boom, gangster, hash, hash oil, hemp, etc) Effects: Euphoria, relaxation, slowed reaction time; distorted sensory perception; impaired balance and coordination; increased heart rate and appetite, impaired learning, memory, anxiety, panic attacks; psychosis
Health Risks: Cough, frequent respiratory infections, possible
mental health decline, addiction
- Heroin(street names: Diacetylmorphine,smack, horse, brown sugar, dope, H, junk, skag, skunk, white horse, China white, etc)
- Opium (street names: Laudanum, paregoric: big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop, etc)
Effects: Euphoria; drowsiness; impaired coordination; dizziness; confusion; nausea; sedation; feeling of heaviness in the body; slowed or arrested breathing
Health Risks: Constipation; endocarditis; hepatitis; HIV; addiction; fatal overdose
• Cocaine (Street names: Cocaine hydrochloride: blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot, etc)
• Amphetamine (Street names: Biphetamine, Dexedrine: bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers, etc)
• Methamphetamine (Street names: Desoxyn: meth, ice, crank, chalk, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, speed, etc)
Effects: Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, metabolism; feelings of exhilaration; increased energy, mental alertness; tremors; reduced appetite; irritability; anxiety; panic; paranoia; violent behavior; psychosis, Severe dental problems (for methamphetamine), Nasal damage from snorting (for cocaine)
Health Risks: Weight loss, insomnia; cardiac or cardiovascular complications; stroke; seizures; addiction
• MDMA (methylenedioxy -methamphetamine). Street names: Ecstasy, Adam, clarity, Eve, lover’s speed, peace, uppers, etc.
Effects: for MDMA – Mild hallucinogenic effects, increased tactile sensitivity, empathic feelings, lowered inhibition, anxiety, chills, sweating, teeth clenching, muscle cramping.
• LSD Mescaline Psilocybin
Effects: Altered States of perception and feeling, hallucinations, nausea
For LSD- Increase body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, loss of appetite, sweating, sleepless, numbness, dizziness, weakness, tremors, impulsive behavior, rapid shift in emotion.
Health Risk: for LSD- Flashbacks, Hallucinogen Persisting Perception
How drugs work ?
Drugs are essentially poisons. The amount taken determines the effect.
A small amount acts as a stimulant (speeds you up). A greater amount acts as a sedative (slows you down). An even larger amount poisons and can kill.
This is true of any drug. Only the amount needed to achieve the effect differs.
But many drugs have another liability: they directly affect the mind. They can distort the user’s perception of what is happening around him or her. As a result, the person’s actions may be odd, irrational, inappropriate and even destructive.
Drugs block off all sensations, the desirable ones with the unwanted. So, while providing short-term help in the relief of pain, they also wipe out ability and alertness and muddy one’s thinking.
Why do people use drugs?
There’s a moment in every addict’s life when they reach out for a drug or a drink for the very first time. Whether or not you agree with the concept that addiction is a disease, that first moment of drug use or drinking is a choice that each person makes. And for each person, there’s a reason behind that choice. It doesn’t just happen. Here’s some of the most common reasons that choice is made, as told to us by those who started their drug use young.
1. Because everybody is doing it
2. It seems like fun
3. I could relax
4. I could fit in
5. When I feel empty
6. Experiment with life